There is a growing trend towards using Pre-employment Fitness Tests to select employees for physically demanding jobs. The purpose of such testing is to ensure the physical capacities of new recruits meet the demands of the job. Employers are using pre-employment testing, not only to enhance worker productivity, but also to reduce the threat of litigation for discriminatory hiring practices. Such tests are also used to reduce the risk of musculoskeletal injuries (Jackson, 1994). Although many occupations utilize medical evaluations in the pre-employment phase, such evaluations do not traditionally address issues including muscular strength and endurance to perform specific job demands. Given that many occupations require significant demands in these areas, fitness and job simulation testing is required in addition to medical testing (Gledhill and Jamnik, 1992).
Jackson, A.S., (1994). Pre-employment physical evaluation. Exerc. Sport. Sci. Rev. (22): 53-90.
Gledhill, N., and Jamnik, V.K. (1992). Characterization of the physical demands of firefighting.
Can. J. Sport. Sci. (3): 207-13.